August, 2006

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LU Yongxiang: Promote S&T Home-grown Innovation and Open up a New Prospect for CAS Academic Divisions

Lu Yongxiang, President of CAS and Executive Chairman of the CAS Presidium, made a speech at the plenary session of the 13 th General Assembly of CAS Members. He pointed out that to give full play to the role of S&T community in building of an innovation-oriented nation, we should understand profoundly that strategic research is an effective way to keep aligned with the development direction, an effective measure to focus on the strategic goals, and an effective approach to well define the key areas of development. It is the mission and duty of CAS academic divisions, as a national science and think tank, to launch strategic research.

In order to fulfill the significant role of S&T community in building an innovation-oriented nation, we should realize that the talent issue is the key to innovation. It is crucial for the successful building of an innovation-oriented China to foster a large number of high caliber and highly innovative S&T talents. The members of CAS should make greater efforts to cultivate young S&T talents who have both ability and morality, and are dedicated to their careers and motherland.

To achieve original and systematic S&T innovation, on one hand, we should precisely grasp the momentum of the world S&T development and follow the cutting edge in the international arena; on the other hand, we should show full respect to the academic freedom of scientists and effectively build up innovation teams to engage in long and persistent research in one field or direction. In some other cases, we should integrate industries, universities with research institutes to promote the technology innovation and transfer. All members of CAS should act as demonstrators and promoters in the original and systematic S&T innovation.-14

LU Yongxiang: Building of Scientific Ethics be Reinforced in Building China an Innovation-oriented Country

LU Yongxiang, President of CAS and Executive Chairman of CAS Presidium received a special interview regarding the building of scientific ethics.

Scientific Integrity Serves as the Most Fundamental Ethics for Modern Science

Scientific integrity serves as the most fundamental ethics for modern science. Today's scientists should draw on the good scientific ethics and spirits of the old generations, such as unselfish dedication, commitment to scientific research, desire for neither fame nor wealth, and carry forward their fine traditions, such as respecting teachers, devoting themselves to the scientific research, rewarding and helping the younger researchers. Meanwhile, we should also reinforce self-discipline and make contributions to build China into an innovation-oriented country by tightly combining the fulfillment of individual values with the national development.

Special emphasis should be paid to ethical indoctrination, social supervision, and system improvement within S&T institutions

The Misbehaviors occurred in the science community have become a social problem in nowadays brooking no negligence. To cope with the problem, it is far from sufficient to simply call for self-discipline of the scientists alone. Stress must be placed on the enhancement of ethical indoctrination, social supervision, and system improvement within the S&T institutions.-15

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