Yongxiang Lu, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee
of the National People's Congress and President of the Chinese Academy
of Sciences (CAS), made an important speech on full-scale implementation
of the National Knowledge Innovation Pilot Project (KIP) at the closing
ceremony of CAS' 2004 Annual Conference. He pointed out that CAS is shouldering
the historic duty of building the nation's knowledge innovation system,
and is to push the KIP project to a new stage in 2004 by "taking
strides in innovation for sustainable development" in line with a
new concept of science and technology development, so that China could
take a forefront position in the world's science and technology development,
thus laying a solid foundation of science that could provide powerful
technical support for harmonious development between Man and Nature, and
full-scale coordinated and sustainable socioeconomic development in China.
He emphasized that in an effort to "upgrade
the policy making standards and the operational competence" CAS must
"energetically encourage widespread research and investigation activities"
in its future work; that "all efforts in learning and studying the
history of science should be encouraged" for better understanding
of the laws of development of science and innovation of science and technology,
so that the historical lessons may provide guidance to the world, to the
future and to China's modernization; and that in decision making we must
stick to democracy and science.
He added that the leading groups at the academy
and institute levels should work out well designed plans for the future
and draw a blueprint for the development of science and technology that
is ambitious, practical, workable and meeting the requirements for building
a full-fledged well-off society . The institutional system and operational
mechanism shall be reformed and the appraisal system of the institutes
shall be adjusted by keeping to take talents as the basis, to make increasingly
more contributions to building the national innovation system, implementing
the strategy for reinvigorating the country through science, technology
and education, and realizing the strategic objectives of China and CAS
for the new century and the new historic period.
Institute Pasteur China in Shanghai
to be Built Jointly by China and France
During his visiting in French, Chinese President
Jintao Hu attended a ceremony held by the Chinese and French Governments
and signed a Bilateral Agreement for Cooperation with French Premier Raffarin
on 28 Jan. At the ceremony, Zhu Chen, Vice President of the Chinese Academy
of Sciences and Pilippe Kourilsky, President of Institute Pasteur of France
signed a Letter of Intent for a Cooperation Framework to build Institute
Pasteur China in Shanghai jointly by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and
Institute Pasteur French in Paris.
Institute Pasteur France, established in 1887,
keeps a long-term cooperative relation with China. This time the two sides
will join efforts in building an entirely new research institute on the
principle of equality, mutual benefit, cooperation and innovation. It
will maintain relations with China's existing research institutes, and
will share China's large facilities for public health research. Among
its planned 250- member staff, there will be more than 10 French experts
stationed at the Institute on a long-term basis to be responsible for
all types of research subjects. Over the years Institute Pasteur has trained
hundreds of researchers for various Chinese research institutes. The cooperation
between Mr. Pierre Tiollais, the renowned molecular biologist and Prof.
Li Zaiping of CAS Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
has attained major achievements in the research on hepatitis B virus and
in developing the hepatitis virus vaccine.
During last year's outbreak of
SARS in China, Institute Pasteur was the first European research institute
to dispatch an expert team to China. The molecular biologists and virologists
from Institute Pasteur explored countermeasures together with the Chinese
scientists, and through joint efforts of the two sides they were given
research projects sponsored by European Union and the French Government.
Yongxiang Lu Meets Takeo Kawamura,
Japanese Minister of Education, Science, Sports and Culture
Yongxiang Lu, President of the Chinese Academy
of Sciences received a visit on 3 Feb. by Mr. Takeo Kawamura, the Japanese
Minister of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, and his accompanying
officials. CAS is keeping a more than 20-year long friendly cooperative
relation with Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Institute of
Physical and Chemical Research and some state-run universities and institutes
under the auspices of the Ministry, and over 2000 person times of scholars
have been exchanged between the two sides up to now. Major cooperation
projects supported by the two sides include: exchange between eight key
universities in China and Japan including the University of Science and
Technology of China and the University of Tokyo; cooperation in the field
of research on nuclear fusion, cooperation in the field of research on
high-energy physics accelerator, and cooperation in the field of research
on the ecological environment of dry land and etc. Presently the two sides
are conducting cosmic ray observation jointly in Yangbajing, Tibet, China.
Yongxiang Lu Meets M. Jarraud,
Secretary General of WMO
Yongxiang Lu, President of the Chinese Academy
of Sciences received a visit by Mr. M. Jarraud, Secretary General of the
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) at the CAS Headquarters on 23
February. Yongxiang Lu briefed the visitors on the development situation
and achievements of CAS in recent years. The host and the guests looked
back on the history of long-term cooperation between CAS and WMO, and
both sides were satisfied at the achievements. Yongxiang Lu specially
mentioned the effective cooperation between the three parties of CAS,
TWAS and WMO in running the Forum Series on International Climate (CTWF).
Yongxiang Lu cordially invited Mr. Jarraud to be the co-Chairman of this
session of CTWF. Since its establishment in 2000, the Forum has successfully
convened two large scale international symposia in 2001 and 2002 respectively,
and an international training course on short-term climatic prediction
in 2003. These activities strongly promoted the advancement in the study
of climatology, and provided the young scientists, especially the young
scholars from the developing countries with valuable chances for study
and exchanges. Mr. Jarraud held quite the same opinion and was happy about
the achievements made by the Forum.
Erwei Shi Meets Vice Minister
Yuki Akio of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture
Erwei Shi, Vice President of the Chinese Academy
of Sciences meets Vice Minister Yuki Akio of the Japanese Ministry of
Education, Science, Sports and Culture and his accompanying officials
in Beijing on 5 February.
Erwei Shi said during the meeting that China
and Japan were faced with many similar problems in promoting the development
of science and technology; that CAS had drawn much on Japan's experiences
and setbacks in reforms, and the methods and measures taken by Japan in
the reforms had also been inspiring for China. Shi hoped that the two
sides would establish long-term relations for exchange and cooperation,
and that there should be frequent exchanges in opinions and ideas with
regard to science and technology strategies and policies, in a joint effort
to contribute continuously to the development of the two countries' science
The two sides agreed at the end of the meeting
to jointly hold a Sino-Japan Symposium on Science and Technology Strategies
and Policies this year in China.
The WMO Prize Goes to Chinese
Scientist for the First Time
At the WMO "International Meteorological
Organization Prize" awarding ceremony held on 24 February at the
Great Hall of the People, Prof. Duzheng Ye, senior CAS member and Honorary
Chairman of the Chinese Meteorology Society received the 48th International
Meteorological Organization Prize awarded by WMO.
Dr. Bedritsky, the WMO Chairman spoke highly
of the 88-year-old Chinese scientist. He said that Prof. Ye is a scientist
who is held in the greatest esteem and enjoys great popularity worldwide.
He awarded Prof. Duzheng Ye the supreme honor for the world's meteorologist,
the International Meteorology Organization Prize, in honor of the outstanding
contributions he made to the meteorological research, education and international
Prof. Duzheng Ye said, "the International
Meteorological Organization Prize winners in the past were all world famous
scholars who made important contributions to the atmospheric science.
I am extremely honored today to be among the ranks of these scientists".
CAS Member Dongsheng Liu Awarded
Top National Science and Technology Prize
Dongsheng Liu, CAS member and researcher of
Institute Geology and Geophysics of CAS was awarded the top national science
and technology prize for the year 2003. A grand prize-awarding ceremony
was held on the morning of 20 February at the Great Hall of People, attended
by State leaders including President Jintao Hu, who personally awarded
the prizes to the winners.
CAS member Dongsheng Liu graduated in 1942
from the Geology Department of the Southwest Joint University. He has
set foot in all parts of China in his more than 60- year career as a researcher.
He has been to the "three poles" of the Earth (the Antarctic,
the Arctic and the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau), participated in and presided
over many major scientific exploratory activities, important research
projects and international cooperation projects, published about 300 theses
and written about 10 monographs. He is the Director and Honorary Director
of China Quaternary Research Commission, Chairman of the International
Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA), Director of the Environment Commission
of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Head of the Environment Consultant
Group of the State Council, and is now Editor-in-Chief of a number of
magazines including Quaternary Study, Polar Regions Study and Environment
Journal etc. He has won a worldwide fame in many research fields, the
study of loess in particular. He is the winner of a number of other prizes
including the First Class Prize of National Natural Sciences, the First
Class CAS Natural Sciences Prize, the Tan Kah Kee Prize, and has trained
dozens of graduate students.
In 2002, CAS Dongsheng Liu shared the honor
of winning the Taylor Environment Science Achievement Award-the top prize
of environmental science in the world together with Professor W. Broecker,
an internationally known expert on ancient ocean climatology from the
U.S. Columbia University.
Jinghai Li Appointed Vice President
According to a decision by the State Council,
Jinghai Li was appointed Vice President of CAS.
Jinghai Li, a chemical engineering expert
and CAS member; born in Oct 1956 in Jingle of Shanxi Province; graduated
in 1982 from the Faculty of Thermo Energy Engineering, Harbin Polytechnic
University, where he took the course for master's degree; after getting
a Ph. D degree from Institute of Chemical Engineering and Metallurgy (today's
Institute of Process Engineering) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in
1987 he went to the University of New York City, USA and Federal Physics
Institute in Switzerland to conduct post-doc research.
Having returned to China in 1990 he held the
positions of assistant professor, deputy associate professor, professor
and Deputy Director of the Institute of Process Engineering successively,
and was appointed Vice-President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in
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