August, 2003

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Environmental Protection

Kunming Institute of Botany Becomes the World's Research Center on Eriocalyx Dicranostigma

The research group led by Prof. Handong SUN, from the National Key Lab of Plant Chemistry and Western Plant Resources in Kunming Institute of Botany, has initiated the research on Eriocalyx dicranostigma in China since 1976. Over the past 20 years, they have studied more than 48 species and found more than 300 new dicranostigma. Their volume of research has reached 60% of the world's total. Their developed products have deeply enriched the world's dicranostigma study. The achievements made by this group have been greatly rewarded by their counterparts at home and abroad. This group has become the world's research center on this plant.

Besides some developed products like Rabdosia rubescens and medicines for throat (Yankangshu), some anti-cancer compounds have also been successfully developed.

World Largest Resource Base of Kiwi Germplasm

The Kiwi (Actinidia Chinensis) Orchard of Wuhan Botanical Garden is the world largest garden for this species. Most of the world hereditary resource is reserved in this garden, the area of which is over 50 000 square meters.
The Wuhan Botanical Garden has started some prophase works of protoplasm with several universities and institutions. It has grasped certain mature technology for developing various plants. Also, it has developed international cooperation programs with American institutions and universities, and Royal New Zealand Botanic Gardens.
The further development here is aiming at building the plantation into the largest Special Garden of Wild Forestry Fruits. The area in future will be nearly 100 thousand square meters that is composed of seven parts.

Ecological and Conservational Research on Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey in Yunnan Laojunshan Mountain

The international joint project, Research on Ecology and Concervation of Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey in Yunnan Laojunshan Mountain was approved by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) in June 2003, and will be conducted soon. The international project is led by Genetic Research Group for the Conservation of Endangered Animals, Animal Ecology and Conservational Biology Center, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) is distributed over the narrow mountain area between the Jinsha River and Lantsang River, and the total varietal population is about 1500 in number with 13 populations. There are about 150 Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey individuals with two populations in the Laojunshan National Reserve. Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey belongs to the primate animal that habitats in the highest altitute, and its systematic development is between the old continental monkey and the ape. Thus, it is important for understanding the human evolution to study and protect this species.

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